BLACK BEARS

by Adam Mathieson



APPEARANCE
The Black Bear is the smallest North American bear. Not all black bears are black in color. Some have rusty brown or gray and black coats.


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WHERE THEY LIVE
For winter the bear prefers small caves, crevices or dens beneath falls or blow downs.

Full grown Black Bears stay out of each other's territories. They know where another bear's territory is because the bear marks its territory by scratching on the tree bark.


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FOOD
Black bears feed on different types of berries, such as blackberries, strawberries and other kinds. It may sound weird but black bears know how to pick berries with their paws. Black bears also eat fish. During the spring they mainly feed on grasses.


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ENEMIES
Some of the enemies are cougar, another bear and of course, HUNTERS!!


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THE YOUNG
When a mother goes to find a new mate, the young ones leave. (This happens when they are about two years old, in midsummer).Usually a brother and brother, or a sister and brother, etc , will stay with each other for the rest of the summer. Sometimes they even share a den for the winter.


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ADAPTATIONS
Black Bears have a great sense of smell and their sense of smell is even better when their noses are wet ! They have exceptional hearing but only average eyesight.


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INTERESTING FACTS
Some of the Black Bear's family members are the Brown Bear, Grizzly Bear, Kodiak Bear and Polar Bear.

Did you know that there are 40,000 Black Bears in Alberta?


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GO to my web page and see PICTURES of black bears

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Adam Mathieson
gr.3 St.Timothy School
Regina, Sk., Canada
May19,1999


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